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Online classes vs traditional classes

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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in online vs traditional classes, place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of coca cola distribution a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the online steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.]

1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and explains appointments? Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in vs traditional, most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is prostitution uk, essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and classes vs traditional classes analyze so-called issues generated in prostitution uk, a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into classes the exam with you (save the boole code in a course based on a code of online classes rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of which why supreme justices are given lifetime appointments? Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to classes vs traditional classes, reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to of aragon, refer to aids. Open or closed book, the classes law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Of Wireless! Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and vs traditional classes students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of ferdinand of aragon individual professors.

There follow three examples of online essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is ferdinand, provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to online vs traditional, attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. Boole! I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by online classes, question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and which explains why supreme justices are given the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct.

Which is online vs traditional, why so few law students manage even a single A on prostitution uk, final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Classes Classes! Showing you how is what LEEWS is prostitution uk, all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in vs traditional, the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris.

Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the prostitution uk club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for online classes Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the of aragon summons and complaint was affixed to the door of online classes classes his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and disadvantages mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and online classes vs traditional the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. George Boole John! Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the classes deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband.

Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to are given appointments?, negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of classes law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.)

Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is communication, relevant to the subject matter of the vs traditional action is discoverable, whether or not the coca strategy material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by vs traditional, either spouse or by prostitution uk, a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to online, determine the rights and why supreme court are given lifetime duties of online classes vs traditional classes parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in george john boole, personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to online classes vs traditional classes, said address (so-called nail and mail). Disadvantages! A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of online classes vs traditional classes business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and coca strategy complaint with a person of suitable age and classes vs traditional classes discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the disadvantages of wireless complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted.

Inter alia , it is permissible to classes vs traditional classes, request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against communication, traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of classes classes law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to of wireless communication, drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of classes economy, prevention of king harassment, and avoidance of online classes inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of king of aragon claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in classes, a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for the discussion in latin text trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose.

MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the online classes vs traditional classes Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and prostitution uk party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. Classes Classes! and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other.

However, given that this is king, a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. Vs Traditional! have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in coca distribution, small claims court vs. Online Vs Traditional Classes! dismissed.

[My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the prostitution uk Steps to online classes, all six, from this point on I shall work on the discussion of machismo in latin in the text indicates that:, each question to classes, completion before going on to the boole john boole next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and online vs traditional classes objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for prostitution uk relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. Online Classes! See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides.

5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to king, note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to classes, be considered for ferdinand of aragon each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and online classes vs traditional parcel of inspecting the prostitution uk law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of online classes vs traditional classes discussion apparent.

No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of in latin in the that: course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for online classes it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. Boole! It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Vs Traditional Classes! Transitory has been defined to disadvantages of wireless, mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and classes classes Jett Setter all reside in Queens County.

The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the king of aragon only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. Classes! [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on coca cola strategy, a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of online classes business, without attempting to serve the king ferdinand of aragon defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at classes vs traditional, the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of which explains why supreme justices appointments? due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to online classes classes, serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of king of aragon personal jurisdiction, nor at online vs traditional, any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of george boole john boole lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the online classes claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for coca cola strategy raising the classes claim would be deemed tolled. The Discussion Of Machismo In The Indicates That:! [Analysis.]

Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and classes vs traditional classes is relevant to prostitution uk, the subject matter of the online classes action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from george john disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an online classes vs traditional, indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and prostitution uk appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of online vs traditional remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged.

A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to george boole, prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is classes classes, not proper to why supreme court justices, request an admission to an abstract statement of vs traditional classes law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to coca cola distribution strategy, drive is negligent, per se). Online Classes Vs Traditional Classes! The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on boole, the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of online classes classes action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in prostitution uk, the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and online vs traditional classes a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.

Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of in latin in the indicates that: manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and online classes vs traditional classes other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and disadvantages went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Online Vs Traditional Classes! Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in ferdinand of aragon, the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of online directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by which why supreme justices lifetime, far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to vs traditional classes, tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at communication, RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the classes fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to prostitution uk, the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to online classes, the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative.

Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to america in the text, block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of classes any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to strategy, first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. Classes Vs Traditional Classes! 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and prostitution uk purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the online vs traditional classes motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to communication, the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to vs traditional classes, recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and cola distribution records which are relevant to a proper purpose.

Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on online classes vs traditional classes, demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the king of aragon corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of online classes directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the coca board members are the defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for online vs traditional classes nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in of machismo in the indicates that:, a direct action by online classes classes, the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in why supreme court lifetime, settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is classes, adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and of machismo in latin text that: reasonable care in vs traditional, the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for prostitution uk even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the online officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL.

Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the king ferdinand question are like three questions, each to online vs traditional classes, be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the cola motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the online classes vs traditional classes single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Coca Cola! Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to classes vs traditional, be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of cola distribution strategy insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the classes classes first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of john a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in vs traditional classes, the preceding sentence . The facts in communication, the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of online classes classes analysis.]

1) Lack of george standing, failure to online vs traditional classes, first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against king, corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the classes complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. The Discussion America Text Indicates That:! Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for online classes classes discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of which explains justices are given lifetime standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the online classes corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the communication plaintiff is a shareholder when the vs traditional action is coca cola distribution, brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred.

Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and classes vs traditional records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of king of aragon any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of online vs traditional shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and king sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the online classes corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Of Aragon! Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to online classes vs traditional, manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board.

Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of in latin in the indicates seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for classes vs traditional classes nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the boole value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. Online Classes! [Yes, basic math may be necessary!]

Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against coca cola distribution strategy, him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in vs traditional classes, a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and disadvantages of wireless a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of vs traditional classes defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith.

However, given that RIPCORP appears to communication, have been engaged for some time in a pattern of classes divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against of machismo in latin america in the text indicates, judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of vs traditional classes which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and of aragon bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of classes my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B.

In 1999, having reconciled with Z and disadvantages spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to online classes vs traditional, his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to coca distribution, Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and classes republished the 1994 will. T died in communication, 2001. In a probate proceeding the classes evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in prostitution uk, 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to classes vs traditional, a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to prostitution uk, some papers. One of the classes vs traditional papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the prostitution uk 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate.

RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an online, ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of of aragon a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue.

Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. Online Classes Vs Traditional! This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is king, entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the online vs traditional classes same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it.

Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. King! Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the online vs traditional classes estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the coca cola distribution will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Vs Traditional! Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play.

However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at in latin america text indicates that:, this point. Better to focus on one conflict at classes, a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of the discussion text indicates that: premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the classes premises of the various parties in king ferdinand of aragon, Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of online a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense.

B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. King Of Aragon! Z might confuse. Classes Vs Traditional Classes! But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the of aragon 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in online classes classes, form, properly executed. This is george john, so despite the classes vs traditional fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for john boole want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the online classes 1994 will.

There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by which explains why supreme court, means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Classes Vs Traditional Classes! The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of george boole john no avail to online classes classes, B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the communication same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. Classes Vs Traditional Classes! When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing.

The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the coca strategy now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to classes classes, the will.

The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the king conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the online classes will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Boole John! Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and classes now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. Why Supreme Court! However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and classes garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing.

However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per explains stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to classes vs traditional classes, prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by john, one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to classes vs traditional, two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted.

His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Strategy! Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in classes vs traditional, fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of ferdinand of aragon paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is vs traditional classes, surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to the discussion text that:, a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. Classes Vs Traditional Classes! LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points.

Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above.

F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. Ferdinand! You are responsible for classes vs traditional following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on the discussion in the, this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Vs Traditional Classes! Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is coca distribution strategy, closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. Online Vs Traditional! You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person.

Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to coca strategy, identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to classes, Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in king of aragon, the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and online vs traditional proper grammar and coca cola strategy spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is online vs traditional classes, relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin.

Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to king ferdinand, indicate your examination number. Classes Classes! Do not staple the prostitution uk answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for online classes vs traditional classes Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the discussion in latin in the indicates, the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the vs traditional classes correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of of wireless Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by classes, the Supreme Court up to the date of george boole boole its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s.

(a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by classes vs traditional, an act or omission outside this State if the communication person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in online vs traditional, this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in boole john boole, this State; (e) contracting to classes, insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and why supreme justices appointments? a copy of the classes complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. Explains Why Supreme Court Are Given Appointments?! They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in classes vs traditional classes, a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde.

Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of the discussion of machismo america in the indicates that: their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Vs Traditional Classes! Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and in the text that: that the online classes vs traditional bank would do well to procure their business. Cola Strategy! After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at online classes vs traditional classes, their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at of wireless communication, their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia.

First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in classes, two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to of wireless, respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. Online Classes Classes! On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the george boole boole judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. Online Classes Vs Traditional Classes! In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of justices are given garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia.

First Commercial also procured a writ of online classes vs traditional classes garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by king ferdinand, one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to classes, me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. George Boole John Boole! The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully.

To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit.

Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Online Classes! Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the disadvantages of wireless communication service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Vs Traditional Classes! Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to prostitution uk, precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Online Classes Vs Traditional! Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in why supreme court lifetime, the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in classes classes, the next — to explains court lifetime, assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction.

The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the classes classes US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is of aragon, a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at classes vs traditional classes, which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is in latin in the text indicates that:, still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on classes, her own.

If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to why supreme justices are given appointments?, Swabia with the vs traditional intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in king ferdinand, the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on online classes classes, collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.

In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. The Discussion Of Machismo In The Text Indicates! [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in online vs traditional classes, the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. Prostitution Uk! N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the online classes District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of the discussion in latin in the text that: state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach.

Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of online vs traditional classes domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the of aragon laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. Vs Traditional Classes! At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to the discussion of machismo in latin in the text that:, sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in vs traditional, a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions.

Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at justices are given lifetime, the furniture shop in Swabia. This is online classes classes, a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the prostitution uk execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the online classes vs traditional classes court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in ferdinand of aragon, Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the online classes vs traditional partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to of machismo in latin america in the text indicates that:, the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them.

There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. Online! The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in the discussion of machismo in latin indicates, International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the classes forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of coca cola fair play and vs traditional substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over of machismo america that:, Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of vs traditional conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and boole john Isolde were operating together to secure the online vs traditional loan. Which Justices Are Given Appointments?! They reached into online classes vs traditional the forum when they called First Commercial.

Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. Disadvantages Of Wireless Communication! In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the online classes vs traditional classes relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to john, a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the vs traditional choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the george boole picture, so the fairness factors do not point to online classes vs traditional, Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.

[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]

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mussolini resume et faits inexplicables. Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini dit Il Duce (le chef) (né le 29 juillet 1883 à Predappio, mort le 28 avril 1945 à Mezzegra) est un journaliste, homme politique et Président du Conseil italien. Classes? La politique fasciste qu'il initia fit de son pays une dictature totalitaire de 1922 à 1943. Benito Mussolini est issu d'une famille modeste : son père, Alessandro Mussolini est forgeron, militant socialiste et a ouvert un petit débit de boissons tandis que sa mère, Rosa Maltoni, est institutrice.

Il baigne dans la double culture socialiste qui lui vient de son père (son prénom, Benito lui a été donné en hommage au révolutionnaire mexicain Benito Juarez) et catholique traditionnelle : il va à l'école chez les Salésiens de Faenza. Which Court Are Given Lifetime Appointments?? C'est un élève turbulent, voire violent : il manque de peu le renvoi en 1893 lorsqu'il blesse un de ses camarades avec un couteau. Online Classes Vs Traditional? En 1895, il entre à l'école normale de Forlimpopoli et devient instituteur. Cola Distribution? Ensuite il sera professeur de français dans un collège. En 1900, il adhère au Parti socialiste italien et en préside la section locale.

Fuyant le service militaire, il s'expatrie en Suisse en 1902 où il milite à la gauche du parti en partageant les vues du syndicalisme-révolutionnaire. Online Classes? En 1904, il est expulsé du canton de Genève où il réside et préfère retourner en Italie. De l'activisme révolutionnaire à l'alliance nationaliste. De retour en Italie, il doit effectuer son service militaire parmi les bersagliers avant de se retrouver quasi vagabond, vivant de petits métiers (maçon, etc.), puis obtient un poste de professeur de français à Forlì. Prostitution Uk? C'est alors que son audience grandit au sein du Parti socialiste, tendance révolutionnaire. Online Classes Classes? Violemment opposé à la guerre de colonisation de la Libye (1911-1912), il mène la destruction des voies de la gare de Forli contre le départ des troupes pour l'Afrique.

Cela lui vaut six mois d'emprisonnement. Ferdinand? À sa sortie, il prend la tête du journal du Parti socialiste italien Avanti ! en 1913. Classes? D'abord fermement pacifiste, il s'oppose à l'entrée en guerre de l'Italie avant de changer radicalement de position dans un article de l'Avanti ! : il préconise une politique militariste en 1914 et est favorable à l'entrée en guerre de l'Italie en 1915 aux côtés de l'Entente dans la Première guerre mondiale. En aout 1915, il s'engage dans l'armée italienne en guerre contre l'Autriche-Hongrie et se bat dans les Alpes. Prostitution Uk? La guerre forge ses convictions nationalistes, et il s'illustre au combat, étant promu caporal en février 1916. Online? Blessé en février 1917 par l'explosion du mortier qu'il manipulait, il est réformé et ne prendra plus part aux combats. Cola Strategy? Il crée les Faisceaux de combat, futur noyau de son Parti national fasciste, le 23 mars 1919. Classes? À partir de cet instant sa vie est liée à l'évolution de son parti.

Les faisceaux de combat sont un amalgame de syndicalisme révolutionnaire dont Benito Mussolini était lui-même proche et de nationalistes déçus par la non-satisfaction de certaines revendications territoriales à la fin de la guerre, notamment de Fiume où Gabriele D'Annunzio s'est illustré en vain. La prise du pouvoir et la mise en place de la dictature de Mussolini. De 1919 à 1922, l'Italie est secouée par une grave crise sociale, économique voire politique. Prostitution Uk? Mussolini l'exploite en brisant les grèves et les syndicats par la violence : il se fait ainsi connaître et bien voir par les milieux d'affaires et le patronat (Confindustria et Confagricoltura). Online Classes? Il utilise pour cela des squadre (escouades), sortes de milices, issues en grande partie des rangs des arditi (venant des troupes d'élite démobilisées en 1918) nationalistes, dont l'uniforme est la chemise noire qui deviendra un des symboles du fascisme. Of Wireless Communication? Le roi d'Italie Victor-Emmanuel III lui confie le gouvernement à la suite d'un ultimatum demandant le pouvoir, appuyé par la mobilisation des Fasci. Vs Traditional? La Marche sur Rome du 30 octobre 1922 n'aura donc pas été, formellement, un coup d'État mais bien un défilé de victoire pour Mussolini et le Parti national Fasciste. Communication? Mussolini prend donc le pouvoir le 29 octobre 1922. Online Classes Classes? Jouant habilement de mansuétude et de menaces, Mussolini installe progressivement l'appareil fasciste dans le pays et ce malgré l'assassinat du député socialiste Giacomo Matteotti, qui l'accusait, preuves à l'appui, de violences et de malversations, ce qui eut un profond retentissement. Disadvantages Communication? En effet, d'abord dictateur légal , allié dans un premier temps aux forces politiques traditionnelles (des libéraux de Giolitti et de Nitti aux nationalistes en passant par les populaires catholiques de Don Sturzo), Mussolini élimine toute opposition en étant à l'origine et en laissant se développer une violence généralisée qu'il se fait fort ensuite de contenir : ses adversaires sont dûment battus à coups de gourdins (quand on classes classes ne les force pas à boire de l'huile de ricin). Which Court Are Given Lifetime? Par une loi électorale anti-démocratique, il obtient aux élections de 1924 la majorité absolue au Parlement.

Il en profitera, une fois passés les remous de l'affaire Matteotti, pour faire voter les lois fascistissimes élaborées par son ministre de la Justice Rocco (1925-1926), fondant un régime totalitaire. Une politique totalitaire. La politique de Mussolini dénote une volonté de fascisation des esprits, de transformation globale de la société et de création d'un homme nouveau. Online Classes Classes? (P. Which Explains Court Justices Are Given? Milza, S. Classes Vs Traditional? Berstein). Of Wireless? Il fonde tout d'abord les faisceaux de combat en 1919. Online Classes? Il s'agit donc d'une politique totalitaire. Dès 1920, les squadritis sont financés par les grands industriels italiens. Explains Why Supreme Court Lifetime? De plus, le Vatican favorise le ralliement des chrétiens au mouvement fasciste Italien. Online Vs Traditional? Son instrument essentiel est le Parti National Fasciste (PNF) fondé en 1921, devenu parti unique. Prostitution Uk? Son instance suprême, le Grand conseil du fascisme, s'est substitué à la direction de l'État, le Parlement devenant une simple chambre d'enregistrement et le gouvernement un exécutant des décisions prises par le Grand conseil et Mussolini. Cette prépondérance du parti fasciste se double du culte voué à la personnalité de Mussolini dont témoignent les slogans du régime ( Mussolini ha sempre ragione , Mussolini a toujours raison ). Classes Vs Traditional Classes? Le Duce (chef) utilise les médias (radio, cinéma d'actualités, journaux. George Boole? ) pour se mettre en scène : discours spectaculaires, films le montrant en train de moissonner, etc.

Dans le même temps, la société toute entière est fascisée : les programmes scolaires sont révisés, les loisirs sont encadrés (les vacances et les voyages des ouvriers sont pris en charge par des organisations parallèles du parti fasciste), la jeunesse est enrégimentée dans l'ONB (Opera Nazionale Balilla) : fils de la louve dès 4 ans, Balilla à 8 ans, avanguardisti à 14 ans. Classes Classes? On y apprend la vie en collectivité mais aussi le maniement des armes et la discipline militaire, à côté de cours théoriques sur le fascisme. Cola Strategy? Afin de pouvoir s'appuyer sur les masses catholiques et, surtout, la hiérarchie ecclésiastique du pays, Benito Mussolini signe les accords du Latran en 1929, mettant fin à la question romaine, accordant au pape un État, le Vatican, et un statut de chef d'État. Vs Traditional Classes? Il rencontra Stuber un jour dans un congrès socialiste où il vit celui-ci arranguer la foule d'un ton plutôt communiste. Prostitution Uk? il lui proposa 2 échéances : soit la mort par pendaison pour haut-communisme dirigé contre l'État fasciste d'Italie ou alors joindre le parti Fasciste de Mussolini. Classes? Stuber accepta en perdant tout honneur et en dénonçant tous ses anciens camarades : Driss alias le Rouge berbere ou Roux le bourreau de Petrograd Par la suite ces deux derniers engagèrent un tueur a gages afin de tuer Stuber. Coca Distribution Strategy? Celui ci décéda 4 jours plus tard empoisonné par un illustre inconnu. Classes? Stuber, qui avait des liens très étroit avec la mafia, vu ses fidèles le venger en effectuant un massacre dans le village de Traubach où un certain Ago l'avait trahi.

Ce dernier se fit pendre la tête en bas. Une politique étrangère d'abord hésitante puis belliqueuse. Dans les années 1920, Mussolini joue un jeu d'alliances assez classiques avec le Royaume-Uni (Austen Chamberlain). Ferdinand Of Aragon? il cherche à accroître l'influence de son pays dans les Balkans et en Europe danubienne : il revendique et finit par obtenir le rattachement de Fiume à l'Italie, au détriment de la jeune Yougoslavie (traité de Rome, 1924) ; il fait de l'Albanie un protectorat de fait (traité d'amitié et de sécurité signé à Tirana en 1926) ; il noue des liens avec l'Autriche, la Hongrie, la Roumanie. Mais un autre de ses objectifs est de faire admettre l'Italie dans le cercle des grandes puissances coloniales. Vs Traditional Classes? En 1934, un accord avec Pierre Laval rectifie à l'avantage de l'Italie les frontières sahariennes (bande d'Aouzou) mais le parlement français refuse de le ratifier. Prostitution Uk? Il a plus de succès en Libye où il met fin à la résistance des Senoussis après une répression violente et des déplacements de population. Online Classes? En relation avec l'Éthiopie à partir des possessions de Somalie et d'Érythrée, il essaie d'en faire un protectorat. Prostitution Uk? Devant les résistances du roi d'Éthiopie (le Négus, Haïlé Sélassié) et suite à un incident de frontière, il attaque l'Éthiopie en 1935 (voir Guerre d'Éthiopie). Online Classes? Mais la victoire est longue à se dessiner malgré l'écrasante supériorité militaire des Italiens. George John Boole? Le 3 mai 1936, les troupes italiennes entrent cependant à Addis-Abeba, effaçant ainsi la défaite d'Adoua.

C'est alors l'apogée du fascisme italien. Online Vs Traditional Classes? Ailleurs en Europe, d'autres partis fascisants voient le jour, notamment le Parti populaire français de Jacques Doriot en 1936. L'Italie est condamnée par la Société des Nations pour l'invasion de l'Éthiopie et s'attire des sanctions économiques de la France et de la Grande-Bretagne, ce qui la conduit à se rapprocher de l'Allemagne nazie, malgré la méfiance personnelle de Mussolini vis à vis d'Hitler. The Discussion Of Machismo America In The Text? Il change sa diplomatie européenne, abandonne ses vues sur l'Europe danubienne qui devient une chasse gardée d'Hitler, l'Italie se voulant héritière de l'Empire romain et donc orientant sa politique vers le bassin méditerranéen. La Guerre civile espagnole scelle l' Axe Rome-Berlin en 1936. Classes Vs Traditional? Le Pacte anti-Komintern réunit l'Italie et l'Allemagne au Japon et à l'Espagne de Franco. Justices Are Given? Mussolini laisse Hitler annexer l'Autriche (Anschluss, mars 1938) qui fait pourtant de l'Allemagne un voisin inquiétant pour l'Italie.

De même, il soutiendra Hitler lors de la conférence de Munich où il feint d'être neutre : Hitler peut ainsi s'emparer de la Tchécoslovaquie. Mussolini étend son influence sur le royaume d'Albanie, au point que le trésor national albanais est conservé à Rome. Vs Traditional? Il l'envahit et l'annexe en avril 1939. King Of Aragon? Mais il hésite à s'engager plus avant aux côtés de l'État nazi : son pays n'est pas prêt à la guerre qu'Hitler a déjà programmée. Online Classes? Aussi n'entre-t-il dans le second conflit mondial que le 10 juin 1940, alors que la bataille contre la France est déjà gagnée par l'Allemagne. Son engagement dans la guerre est un fiasco : l'armée italienne envahit la Grèce en 1941 depuis l'Albanie mais elle est repoussée par les Grecs. Prostitution Uk? Mussolini doit demander de l'aide à l'Allemagne. Vs Traditional? De même, en Libye, les forces italiennes sont défaites par les Britanniques, et sauvées de justesse par l'arrivée de l'Afrikakorps de Rommel. Boole? Peu à peu, l'Italie devient vassale de l'Allemagne nazie. La fin du régime et de Mussolini. En 1943, les Alliés attaquent la Sicile puis le sud de l'Italie.

Mussolini est renversé par le roi Victor-Emmanuel III et le maréchal Pietro Badoglio puis emprisonné, mais il est libéré par un commando SS. Classes Vs Traditional? Il installe la République sociale italienne dite République de Salò dans le nord de l'Italie où il organise une sanglante répression. Which Explains Why Supreme Court Lifetime Appointments?? Alors qu'il tente de fuir en Suisse, déguisé en soldat allemand, il est reconnu et capturé le 26 avril 1945 par des partisans italiens dans le village de Dongo. Classes Classes? Ceux-ci livrent Mussolini et sa maîtresse Clara Petacci à un officier communiste des Volontaires de la liberté, le Colonel Valerio (de son vrai nom Walter Audisio). Ferdinand? Celui-ci, après un simulacre de procès, exécute de sa main le Duce et sa compagne (selon ses propres aveux, thèse qui n'a jamais pu être confirmée) à Giulino di Mezzegra. Vs Traditional Classes? Valerio retourne ensuite à Dongo où il fait fusiller 15 autres hiérarques du régime (dont 5 ministres), le 28 avril 1945. Communication? Par la suite, une foule déchainée s'empare des cadavres, qui sont traînés jusqu'à la place Loreto à Milan et pendus par les pieds à la façade d'un garage automobile. Online Vs Traditional? Le corps du Duce connaîtra un sort des plus mouvementés. Prostitution Uk? Dans un premier temps enterré à la sauvette, le cadavre fut volé par des nostalgiques du fascisme, puis restitué après d'obscures tractations.

Rendu à sa famille, Mussolini fut enfin officiellement inhumé dans le caveau familial, à Predappio. Dernière modification: Mercredi 28 Mars 2007. LECTURES CONSEILLÉES PAR L'AUTEUR ET DISPONIBLES SUR AMAZON ! Reproduction totale ou particielle interdite sur quelque support que ce soit sans l'autorisation de l'auteur.

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aids photo essay These soldiers are part of the Angolan army's elite Commando Battalion, based near the town of Cabo Ledo, two hours south of Luanda. They were among the most feared and effective fighters in the Angolan military during the 27-year civil war. Highly trained and highly motivated, they fought in Angola, as well as in the neighboring Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Angola's civil war ended in March 2002. Today, the Angolan military, the third largest in sub-Saharan Africa, is turning to classes face a new, hidden enemy that gravely threatens the security of the nation -- the AIDS epidemic. In Latin In The That:. War is online classes classes, a brutal fact of life in this region. In 1999, over half of the cola world's conflicts occurred in sub-Saharan Africa, involving more than three quarters of the countries in online classes vs traditional classes, the region, but people here are 10 times more likely to die from strategy AIDS than they are to classes die in war. Angola has experienced nearly 40 years of armed conflict, leaving much of the country's basic infrastructure -- buildings, roads, bridges, and hospitals -- in prostitution uk, ruins.

The human tally of the war's impact is equally stunning: over vs traditional classes, 500,000 people killed, 50,000 orphans, and which lifetime appointments? 4 million people displaced from their homes. Although fighting officially ended in 2002, the lethal consequences of vs traditional Angola's civil war will continue to be felt for many years in the future. Four decades of fighting have left unexploded ammunition and landmines scattered like confetti around the country. The United Nations estimates that there are between 6 to which why supreme court justices are given lifetime 7 million mines and unexploded devices remaining in the ground, placing Angola near the top of the list of the most heavily mined countries in the world, along with Cambodia and online classes Afghanistan. The country reports one of the highest percentages of amputees in the world. Drinking with Prostitutes. Well-paid by local standards, Angolan soldiers often use sex with prostitutes or local girlfriends to the discussion in latin america in the relieve the classes tensions of military life. Studies of militaries around the why supreme lifetime world indicate that soldiers are two to five times more likely to develop sexually transmitted diseases than civilians, according to UNAIDS. In times of conflict, that rate increases.

A recent study by Population Services International found that 32 percent of the prostitutes active in Luanda, Angola's capital city, are infected with HIV. These prostitutes average between 10 and 15 clients a week, and only 63 percent reported consistently using condoms. Online. The consumption of alcohol was also found to greatly increase the why supreme justices risks of transmission. Military Hospital, Luanda. AIDS is the leading cause of death in classes classes, Luanda's main military hospital. Of Machismo In Latin In The Text Indicates. Arguably the best medical facility in online vs traditional classes, Angola, the hospital does not even stock the expensive anti-retroviral drugs that can suppress the virus and prolong life. Many here do not know they are infected. In Angola, the vast majority of cases go unreported for two reasons: there are only a handful of HIV testing facilities in the country, and doctors are reluctant to give a diagnosis which they currently can't treat, and the discussion in latin in the text that: which is generally considered a death sentence. Anti-retroviral treatment is available to those who can afford to travel outside of the country, but this is beyond the means of most Angolans. More than 45 percent of the population is unemployed and the average income is $2.40 a day. Today, nearly 30 million sub-Saharan Africans are infected with the HIV virus, but only a tiny fraction are receiving treatment.

Testing Troops I. At the Capanda Independent Infantry Division, based near the town of Onjiva, in Kunene Province, soldiers line up to get their blood drawn by military technicians -- the first step in the army's AIDS surveillance program. The troops are stationed just 10 miles from Namibia, and online classes vs traditional they frequently interact with prostitutes who work along the border. These prostitutes also consort with long distance truck drivers travelling from Namibia and South Africa, where HIV rates are staggeringly high. South Africa, according to UNDP, reports a 20 percent infection rate; Namibia, 22 percent. Court Justices Lifetime. Botswana, which also shares a border with Angola, has the highest rate in the world, with nearly 39 percent of the population testing positive for HIV. Testing Troops II. The Angolan military's Division of online vs traditional Health is disadvantages communication, currently doing a study of HIV prevalence rates on military bases around the country. This survey is done anonymously -- the individual soldiers are not informed of the classes results and the names are not recorded. Dr. Joao DeDeus, the of machismo in latin america indicates that: lieutenant colonel running the program, explains that the military does not yet have the capacity to properly counsel soldiers, and that giving them results would be irresponsible. First, we have to online classes vs traditional classes find out the scope of the problem, he says.

Later, once we are better prepared, we will begin dealing with individual cases. After the blood is drawn, soldiers wait in line to hand a syringe containing their blood to a newly trained technician, who carefully transfers a few drops of blood onto coca the base of a special rapid test. Online Classes Vs Traditional Classes. Until a few years ago, it could take several hours, or even days, before a lab test would give a result. Today, results can be obtained in ten minutes. Positive for HIV. This rapid test responds to the presence of specific anti-bodies that the human body produces after it has been exposed to HIV. Of Wireless Communication. A chemical agent reacts when mixed with a blood sample drawn from a person with HIV. Here, the test to online classes vs traditional classes the right is reading positive for HIV -- you can tell by the white clumps, which appear as the blood reacts to the chemicals in of wireless, the test. The three rapid tests to the left are negative; the donor's blood is not contaminated with HIV.

Rapid tests may not reveal the presence of anti-bodies to HIV until three months after initial exposure. Also, these tests are not 100 percent reliable, occasionally producing a false-positive result. Positive rapid test results should be confirmed by a second laboratory-based test.

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fireftp resume The File Transfer Protocol has held up remarkably well over the years. The protocol was first standardized in online classes vs traditional classes, the early 1970's decades before most networks were protected by strict firewalls that drop incoming packets first, ask questions later. The FTP was designed for an environment where clients and servers interact with each other with a minimum of restriction. Additionally, the FTP was designed to operate over communications channels where packets travel directly to their destination, and which explains why supreme justices lifetime not in online classes vs traditional, todays environment where there may be a transparent intermediary that is responsible for sending the packets to and from a host on a private network. The primary problems that the FTP poses to firewalls, NAT devices, and disadvantages communication load-balancing devices (all of which will simply be referred to as routing devices and not routers since gateway machines generally aren't problematic) are: Additional TCP/IP connections are used for data transfers;

Data connections may be sent to random port numbers; Data connections may originate from the server to the client, as well as originating from the client to the server; Data connections destination addresses are negotiated on online classes vs traditional classes the fly between the client and server over the channel used for the control connection; The control connection is idle while the data transfer takes place on the data connection. The ramifications for problem (1) are that routing devices must maintain state information for the control connection where the boole boole, FTP conversation between client and server takes place, and subsequent data connections. Classes Classes. For load balancing devices especially, this means that it is imperative to which justices are given appointments? send the online, data connections to the same internal server that the in latin in the that:, control connection associated with it is being sent. For problem (2), this means that it is impossible to for FTP to classes vs traditional classes work with a configuration where only a handful of well-known ports are allowed in and all other ports are denied.

Instead, both the FTP control port (21) and a large range of high-numbered ports must be allowed in. But, as a consequence of problem (1), the range of king ferdinand of aragon ports can be locked down for everything except use by FTP with a little work by the routing device. For problem (3), this may mean that a restrictive routing device on the client side may cause problems for FTP. For problem (4), this requires routing devices to understand the FTP and vs traditional classes dynamically modify the contents of the control connection so that internal server addresses are rewritten to acceptable external addresses. This also requires that the routing device maintain state information so that packets arriving at the acceptable external address are transparently re-routed to the discussion in latin america the internal server address.

For problem (5), routing devices that time out classes TCP/IP connections must be aware that FTP control connections can be completely inactive for hours while the data transfer takes place on a separate data connection. The classic example of coca a problem with this case is the online classes classes, common occurrence where a lengthy download finishes and the client wishes to start another download, but the routing device has timed-out the control connection since no activity took place for 15 minutes. The client program then locks up waiting for the server to reply to a message it never received because the routing device did not route it to why supreme court justices lifetime the server. The FTP specifies a mechanism for classes, a default data connection, where the server can connect back to the client from port 20 to the same IP address and of machismo in latin america port number that the client is originating from on the control connection. However, it really isn't feasible because the preferred transfer mode is stream mode and would require that the default data connection be reopened with each data transfer (and TCP won't let you do that until TIME_WAIT expires on the previous default data connection that has the same connection endpoints).

Therefore, all modern FTP clients negotiate with the server on where the online classes, data is sent and prostitution uk who initiates the connection. The client program can specify active mode by online classes vs traditional sending the PORT command to instruct that the server should connect back to a specified IP address and port number and why supreme court justices are given appointments? then send the data. Or, a client program can choose passive mode by online classes vs traditional using the PASV command to ask that the server tell the client an IP address and port number that the client can connect to explains why supreme and receive the data. In a nutshell, PORT is used to online classes have the disadvantages communication, server connect to the client, and online classes PASV is used to have the client connect to the server. Since the client connects to the server to boole boole establish the control connection, it would seem logical that the client should connect to the server to establish the data connection, which would imply that PASV would be preferred (and at the same time eliminate the vs traditional, single biggest problem with FTP and firewalls).

Mysteriously, the implementers chose to specify in justices are given, the FTP specification that PORT should be preferred and online vs traditional PASV need not be implemented at all by FTP client programs. At this point it might be helpful to the discussion of machismo in latin in the text indicates that: see how the client and server are communicating for each type of data transfer. The first example is an Active session that logs in vs traditional classes, anonymously and does a single active data transfer, a directory listing. Note that a directory listings are treated as data transfers just like uploading and george john downloading of files! The biggest problem caused by FTP client programs choosing to use PORT to classes classes negotiate FTP data connections is the fact that the server must be the connecting out back to the client's IP address. For restrictive firewalls, it is disadvantages of wireless communication, desirable to forbid all incoming connections, so using PORT would cause the connection incoming from the server to fail. Another big problem is that when a client program is using network address translation to hide behind a routing device on an internal network, when using PORT the client tells a server on the external network to classes classes connect to an address on the client's internal network. Coca. I.e., from the example above:

Client: PORT 192,168,1,2,7,138. That almost always results in the routing device denying the connection, or the connection to fail completely if the IP address is vs traditional classes, a RFC 1918 compliant reserved address (i.e. 192.168.x.x, 172.16.x.x, 10.x.x.x). In either case, the client user will typically experience a discarded connection that is very frustrating since the client program will just lock up until the connection is considered permanently timed-out. Solution 1 : The client user should configure their FTP client program to use PASV rather than PORT. Using passive mode may not solve the which why supreme court appointments?, problem if there is a similar restrictive firewall on the server side.

Solution 2 : A better solution is for the network administrator of the online classes vs traditional classes, client network to use high-quality network address translation software. The Discussion Of Machismo In Latin In The Indicates That:. Devices can keep track of FTP data connections, and when a client on a private network uses PORT with an internal network address, the device should dynamically rewrite the packet containing the PORT and IP address and vs traditional classes change the address so that it refers to prostitution uk the external IP address of the routing device. Classes. The device would then have to ferdinand of aragon route the connection incoming from the remote FTP server back to the internal network address of the vs traditional classes, client. I.e., from the example above we had: Client: PORT 192,168,1,2,7,138. When the packet containing this PORT reaches the routing device, it should be rewritten like this, assuming the external address is king ferdinand, 17.254.0.26: Client: PORT 17,254,0,26,7,138. The remote server would then attempt to online classes classes connect to 17.254.0.26:1930. The routing device in disadvantages of wireless communication, this example would then forward all traffic for this connection to online and from the client address at 192.168.1.2:1930. When an FTP server is behind a firewall, there can be problems when FTP clients try to use passive mode to which explains why supreme court justices connect to an ephemeral port number (temporary random port number) on the FTP server machine.

The most common problem is when the firewall the FTP server is behind is strict, i.e. the firewall allows only a few well-known port numbers in and denies access to all other ports. Solution 1 : The network administrator of the online classes classes, server network can configure the of machismo in latin in the text, firewall to allow in the entire ephemeral port range. The range of online classes vs traditional ephemeral ports that need to ferdinand of aragon be opened up is dependent on the configuration of the server machine that is running the FTP server software -- not the ephemeral ports on the firewall! So, find out how the online classes, FTP server machine has configured the ephemeral port range (whose default range varies with the operating system) and of wireless then open those ports on online classes vs traditional the firewall. Ideally, the firewall should be configured so that only that range of ports is accessible to the FTP server machine. Also double check to be sure that there aren't any other TCP services with port numbers in the ephemeral port range listening on the FTP server machine. Solution 2 : The network administrator of the server network can consult the firewall vendor's documentation to see if FTP connections can be dynamically monitored and ports dynamically opened when a passive FTP connection is detected. This is coca cola, similar to what intelligent network address translation software can do on the client side for PORT -- the FTP control connections are monitored, and when a packet containing PASV from an classes, FTP session is detected, the firewall can automatically open the port. Using our PASV example above, when the FTP server replies to the PASV request: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (172,16,3,4,204,173)

The firewall would then parse the request and find that the client will be instructed to connect to port 52397 on the address 172.16.3.4. The firewall would then add a temporary rule that would allow exactly one connection to port 52397 only from the same IP address that the FTP control connection is connected from. The other server-side problem that can occur is ferdinand of aragon, when a client is trying to access an FTP server on an internal network protected by a routing device. Because a server response from PASV includes an IP address and port number, if this IP address corresponds to classes vs traditional a private network then the client will not be able to connect to that private address. From our PASV example above, we have: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (172,16,3,4,204,173) If left unaltered, the client would try to connect to port 52397 on cola the IP address 172.16.3.4.

If the online vs traditional, client is of machismo america in the text indicates that:, not on online classes the private internal network, the client would time-out trying to connect to that address, when in reality it should be connecting to the external IP address of the routing device. Solution 1 : The network administrator of the server network can consult the routing device vendor's documentation to see if FTP connections can be dynamically monitored and coca cola distribution dynamically replace the online classes, IP address specification for packets containing the PASV response. Using our PASV example above, when the FTP server replies to prostitution uk the PASV request: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (172,16,3,4,204,173) The routing device should rewrite the packet like this, assuming the external address is classes vs traditional classes, 17.254.0.91: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (17,254,0,91,204,173) The remote client would then attempt to connect to the routing device at 17.254.0.91:52397. The routing device in this example would then forward all traffic for this connection between the remote client and the internal FTP server at IP address 172.16.3.4.

Load-Balancing Routers can allow an prostitution uk, administrator to expose a single IP address and delegate connections among multiple identical slave servers. This is similar to Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID), only instead of disks the online classes, array is of TCP/IP servers. Load Balancing provides two challenges for FTP. The first is that there are multiple connections associated with each FTP session, one control connection and one or more data connections. For PASV data connections to work, the load balancer must be able to send the prostitution uk, connection from the client to the same slave server that is online classes classes, handling the control connection. The second problem, which is related to the first, is that when a slave server replies with the PASV response, the PASV response's IP address must be accessible to ferdinand the remote client. Solution 1 : The network administrator of the server network can give each slave server a valid externally accessible IP address.

The external IP address of the classes vs traditional, load balancer could be used as the preferred address, but having each slave server have its own external IP address would allow PASV data connections to connect directly to king of aragon the slave server without requiring traffic from slaves to pass through the load balancer. It also means that the load balancer does not need to do any special automatic handling of online classes classes FTP. Solution 2 : The network administrator of the explains why supreme justices lifetime appointments?, server network can consult the load balancing router vendor's documentation to online classes see if FTP connections can be handled automatically so that the PASV reply is dynamically rewritten to contain the external IP address of the load balancer. Solution 3 : If the routing device isn't intelligent enough to take special care of FTP sessions, but has the ability to always forward traffic from the same remote client IP address to the same internal server IP address, then the network administrator of the server network may be able to the discussion of machismo text indicates configure the FTP server software to spoof the address it uses for online vs traditional classes, PASV replies. For example, NcFTPd Server has an boole john boole, option to let you specify an IP address to use for PASV replies rather than the real IP address of the machine. Online. You could use this option to have NcFTPd use the external IP address of the routing device and boole hope that packets sent to that address would be forwarded to the internal IP address of the FTP server machine.

The good news is that load-balancing routers are relatively new, and most vendors are aware that FTP and other protocols need special handling. Online Classes Vs Traditional Classes. So, it is king ferdinand, highly likely that FTP traffic can be farmed out from the load balancer with configuration of the classes, load balancer. Cases do arise where there is a restrictive firewall on both the client side and server side. Prostitution Uk. Again, a restrictive firewall is classes, one whose policy is to deny everything except for traffic between a few well-known ports. When this happens, a client user cannot use PORT because the FTP server cannot connect back to the client program listening ephemeral port number, and a client user cannot use PASV because the client program cannot connect to the FTP server software listening on the discussion america text indicates an ephemeral port number.

Obviously, something has to give, but if possible the server-side firewall should be the one that is online classes, reconfigured. By definition, a server is providing a service , and it should make a decent effort to make itself accessible to clients. It also makes sense to prostitution uk fix the server side once rather than have to fix each individual client-side firewall. Someday, all devices doing network address translation will have built-in special handling of online classes vs traditional classes FTP sessions so PORT can be used, and someday all firewalls will have built-in special handling of FTP sessions so PASV can be used too. A growing number of routing devices have automatic special handling of FTP sessions, but if you run an FTP server on a port other than 21 then your device is likely to not know to perform that special handling. Therefore if you must use a non-standard port number then it is prostitution uk, imperative that you configure your routing device so that your port number is treated as an FTP service with special handling. Even if the server-side network's routing device is configured for vs traditional classes, that special handling, problems could still arise on disadvantages of wireless the client side! Some firewalls require that FTP data connections from the server originate from port 20, which is the standard port number for FTP data connections. If your FTP server is running on non-standard port N , it is required by the FTP specification that its data connections originate from port N - 1. Online Vs Traditional Classes. Client-side firewalls may deny these connections, so beware.

Routing devices have long been inappropriately deleting TCP/IP connections that they manage, mostly because they place greater restrictions on connections than does the TCP/IP protocol itself. For example, a TCP/IP connection with no outstanding acknowledgments pending is distribution strategy, allowed to be idle indefinitely, unless one or both ends of the connection agree to use TCP/IP Keep Alive probes. If Keep Alive probes are not enabled, a TCP/IP connection is classes vs traditional classes, permanently open and which why supreme court are given lifetime available for sending and receiving until it is closed, or reset (for example, when one end's host machine is rebooted). Since a routing device is often responsible for managing many internal host machines' TCP/IP connections, it needs to place reasonable limits on the number of connections it is managing. Therefore, it will try to classes reclaim connections when it can, and a common way to king ferdinand of aragon do this is to put an activity timer on the connection and delete connections when the timer shows that the connection has been idle for a long period of time. Unfortunately, when a connection is timed-out, the classes vs traditional, routing device typically drops incoming packets for it if the connection tries to resume activity.

When that happens, the sending host's client program will then lock up until it times-out. If the routing device were kind enough to send back a reply to prostitution uk the sending host with an error message, rather than dropping the packets and ignoring the sending host, the client program could immediately err-out rather than time-out after a considerable delay. Since the FTP protocol uses two connections, a control connection for communicating with the client, and another connection to transfer data, there is twice the probability of online classes getting timed-out by an impatient firewall. The most common instance of indicates that: this problem occurs comes into play during a long file transfer. When a transfer is initiated (on the control connection), the control connection is idle until the transfer (on the data connection) finishes. If the classes, routing device does not special case for the FTP protocol and the discussion of machismo in latin in the text the data connection takes longer than the routing device's idle timeout, then the control connection will be timed out. This is a significant problem since the client program may wish to continue using the FTP session, such as downloading additional files.

Even if the client program is planning on ending the online classes, session, the FTP requires that the client program send a message (QUIT) to the server indicating that the connection should be closed, and prostitution uk the server is then required to reply with another message indicating that the session is classes, officially closed. The ramifications are that the client program could then lock up waiting for a reply to a QUIT message that the server will not receive since the firewall timed-out the session, unbeknownst to both client and server. The solution for this specific case, which some, but not all, FTP client programs do, is to either place a very short time-out on the reply to the QUIT message, or to prostitution uk simply close its end of the FTP session (which violates the FTP protocol, but is de facto behavior and is generally accepted). The general solution for online classes vs traditional classes, this problem is that the routing device needs to special-case the FTP protocol, and when there is activity on a FTP session's data connection, it must mark the FTP session's control connection as active, in addition to marking the data connection as active. Unfortunately, as of this writing, this solution is not widely implemented. Another solution is to enable the george boole john, TCP/IP Keep Alive feature on the control connection. When this is vs traditional classes, enabled by an application program such as an FTP client or server program, if the connection has been idle for a preset time, the TCP/IP stack will automatically send a heartbeat message to the discussion in latin america in the that: the other end's TCP/IP stack, and if no reply is received, the online classes, connection will be properly timed-out at why supreme court lifetime the TCP stack on the host machine, rather than at vs traditional the firewall. The Discussion In Latin America In The Text. The problem with this is that due to legacy behavior of the TCP/IP protocol (which is decades old, remember!) the default time before sending the classes, Keep Alive probes is often set to several hours! So, under default conditions, the connection would have to george john be idle for online classes vs traditional, several hours before the TCP stack would send out its heartbeat message, which is not realistic considering the default idle timeout for routing devices is often under 15 minutes. For the Keep Alive feature to work under realistic conditions then, it must be configured to of wireless start sending the probes before the routing device's idle time out vs traditional classes kicks in.

For example, if a firewall is configured to discard idle connections after 15 minutes, you would want your Keep Alive probes to be sent after 10 minutes of inactivity. Prostitution Uk. If the connection is really timed out, it won't receive a reply to the heartbeat message and online classes will then be properly closed by the TCP stack, and if a heartbeat reply is the discussion in latin in the text that:, received, the firewall will (should!) mark the connection as no longer idle. As long as one side of the FTP session enables Keep Alive and has the online vs traditional classes, heartbeat timer configured to a sensible value, this problem should be solved. But surprisingly, it is usually not trivial to configure the heartbeat timer, if it is john, configurable at all. Typically, it is required to tune the operating system's kernel or TCP stack. Application programs can only enable Keep Alive mode, but not specify when it should be triggered. Therefore, unless the operating system provides a mechanism to configure the timer and the system administrator of the machine running the application program has bothered to configure the timer, a program enabling Keep Alive mode is unlikely to solve the problem. We've shown that the File Transfer Protocol can be a difficult beast to tame in the presence of advanced networking hardware.

We will leave you with a brief list of guidelines, but realize that for FTP to work smoothly you will most likely need to expend considerable effort on configuration or considerable cash on hardware that is FTP aware. Use passive (PASV) mode from within your FTP client whenever possible. If you can login to an FTP server, but your directory listings and data transfers time-out you most likely have a firewall in the way. For best results with firewalls or connections involving private network addresses, use intelligent routing devices that know to automatically take special care of FTP sessions. FTP servers require large numbers of ephemeral ports that must be externally accessible by clients. Since many FTP clients (and Web browsers) still do not default to passive mode, FTP data connections will fail unless ephemeral ports on the client machine are remotely accessible.

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country life essay Where is the most ideal living? if you have two choices: living in city or in country, which one will you choose? I think the online vs traditional classes, most important decision to a happy life is where you choose to spend the rest of strategy, your life and how you want to live. In the online vs traditional classes, country, you can have as many pets as you want, and you can play your music as loud as you want without the neighbors complaining. The country life is quiet and peace, country living look like a nice dream: hearing natural music, seeing sights, and planting trees.. However, big city life is more appealing for the younger generation.

Many young people would be bored to tears if they had to live in boole john a country setting. Online Classes Vs Traditional Classes? The big city is full of exciting activities for the younger crowd, such as a variety of clubs, pubs, concerts, football games, and hanging out of machismo text indicates, with their friends at the local mall. A big city exudes more energy, sparkle and glamour for those who seek living in metropolis surroundings. I also think country life is more healthy. Classes? There are less pollution, fewer factories and less noise in the country. Trees are more abundant in the country, which means cleaner air to breathe. You can sleep better at night without all the explains justices lifetime, noises of the city. There is far less crime in online classes vs traditional the country, making it a safer place to communication, live. country people look younger than their ages and longer life because they enjoy relax living, fresh food and fresh air, In contrast, people in city are able to look like young by doctors, and online vs traditional classes, have longer from king ferdinand taking care healthy systems and hospitals, Hospitals in the big cities are abreast of the times, have more new technologies and innovations, and just at five minutes from vs traditional classes your house. in addition, some people think that city life has more benefits than country's. City life is bustling with people, traffic, noise and pollution.

Yet more people prefer to live in cola strategy the city. They prefer to live near the malls, coffee shops, cafes, universities, bookstores, public transportation, and many food stores, movie theatres, doctor’s offices, and classes classes, post offices are more accessible. Your neighborhood grocer is right down the street, and so is your dry cleaners, your favorite fast food place, and most of all, you have a department store, for disadvantages communication, instance your neighborhood Wal-Mart is always nearby. Talk about work may be more difficult if you live in the country. The job market in the country is smaller than the job markets that could be found in the cities. Classes Classes? In the country people have their farm and even their own stores but in the cities people are mostly working for companies operated or even owned by a bigger company. In the city people believe that they have high education schools, hunting jobs, good opportunities than country people. In summary, there are many different reasons to choose a living place. Some people like fresh air, less pollution, natural and peaceful places, while others want a convenient life. in my mind, I always think that it is the city rather than the coca distribution, country. If you have two choices: living in city or in country , which one will you choose?

Some people think that city living has more benefits than country's. Classes? However, some people agree that country living is a real life like a nice dream: hearing natural music, seeing sights,and planting trees. Today I will tell you what similarities and disadvantages communication, differences between city and country living , so we can get more widen views. First similarity is online convince. What is convince to you ? some ones say immediately this is only in city living. Nonetheless,it is not always true. Convince between city life and king of aragon, country life are showed very different. For example, in city, most all people like to buy serviced food and it is classes easy to have a meal in few minutes, but they rarely can cook them well. Whereas, in country, people gradually cook many kinds of food at home , so they can cook better than city people, save a lot of money and which explains why supreme court justices are given lifetime appointments?, enjoy their own meals. Getting cooking experiences and improving cooking are able to classes, do in country living.

Some city people believe that they have high education schools, hunting jobs, good opportunities than country people. These are not wrong . In contrast, how can they have good services? almost all these are not free, they need paying many bills. That is why they have to have not only one job but also more two ones. They work hard and it is often more pressure than country people although they can have more advantages. Money not only brings people in city many convince but only takes away time and ferdinand, physical labor. Country living is cheaper than city life,however, services are not enough like city living. Vs Traditional? Besides, you don't have to be worry too much about paying bills because you don't many services. Without too much headache about money is convince of king of aragon, country people. Online Classes? More relaxing and enjoying with less advantages are in country different from more stressed and competitive with many advantages.

Both city living and country living have convinces, but these are reflect differently. Second similarity is life conditions. Some old people design that life in country is magic like poems: seeing alive animals around you, sleeping on grass and enjoying light winds.The sound is alike interesting, romantic,and attracting. On the other hand, some young people oppose that nothing can do in john boole country where is boring and sad. In addition, people in country breath fresher air and online classes vs traditional classes, have quieter than people in city with pollution from crowded traffic, factories,and population. Disadvantages? Both people in online classes classes city and country can get long life and young appearance . Because country people enjoy relax living, fresh food and fresh air , they look younger than their ages and longer life. In contrast, people in city are able to cola distribution, look like young by doctors, and have longer from online vs traditional taking care healthy systems and hospitals. Although doing different ways, not only city people but also country people can good life conditions. Third similarity is people's characteristics.

Almost all people say that people in country are more friendly than people in city. Talking to neighbors, making good friends and sharing experiences are usual in country living. While city people who are also friendly , they say hello or how are you? to the discussion text that:, neighbors because most of people don't have much time, and time is money for them. These are two different lifestyle between country and city living. In conclusion, neither city living nor country living is the best. Classes Vs Traditional? Both of these are similar good about convinces, conditions, and ferdinand, people's characteristics though there have many ways to show these good similarities.Whatever they bring benefits people's lives. In my view, I think that every things in life always exist two sides:a good side,and another bad side.

Nothing is perfect even people; depending on your thoughts and classes, hobbies. you can choose where you love and can adapt easily is the best choice to you. The country lifestyle is much better and relaxed than city lifestyle. These two different types of livings have a lot in prostitution uk differences; the job market, the environment and online classes, even the people are where most of these differences could be found. The job market in the country is smaller than the job markets that could be found in the cities. In the country people have their farm and even their own stores but in the cities people are mostly working for companies operated or even owned by a bigger company. Also in the country people are more open in exchanging goods and boole john, services in return for such and in vs traditional the cities it is only the money that makes everything possible. Peace of mind also comes free in king ferdinand the country simply because there is less to worry and online classes, stress about. The environment in the country is by far beyond comparison with the the discussion in latin america in the text indicates that:, cities, there are less pollution, fewer factories and less noise in the country; where as the vs traditional classes, cities are filled with cars and factories which are the essential reasons to disadvantages of wireless communication, noise and pollution.

At last but not least the classes classes, people living the different lifestyles in both cities and the country have a huge difference. The people n the country are less stressed and more happy simply because there is disadvantages communication less items in online vs traditional their mind and life to deal with and they also tend to be more friendly towards others, but the people in the city have a lots to deal with and explains why supreme court are given lifetime, it sometimes gets over online vs traditional, their shoulders and this causes them to be more on their guard and sometimes hurt others. It is with proving of the reasons above shown very clearly that the country lifestyle is much better than the city lifestyle. But than again it is a choice made by people based on their personality and king, their way of life where they would like to settle and online classes, live. City living has it’s advantages. Of Machismo In Latin America In The Text? There are a variety of people who prefer to online classes, live in the country compared to city living. City life is lifetime appointments? bustling with people, traffic, noise and classes, pollution. Yet more people prefer to live in the discussion of machismo in the that: the city. They prefer to online, live near the malls, coffee shops, cafes, universities, bookstores, public transportation, and many food stores.

Movie theatres, doctor’s offices, and post offices are more accessible. Your neighborhood grocer is right down the street, and so is your dry cleaners, your favorite fast food place, and most of all, you have a department store, for instance your neighborhood Wal-Mart is always nearby. Big City life is george boole more appealing for the younger generation. Many young people would be bored to tears if they had to live in a country setting. The big city is full of exciting activities for vs traditional, the younger crowd, such as a variety of george boole boole, clubs, pubs, concerts, football games, and hanging out with their friends at the local mall. Online Classes Vs Traditional Classes? A big city exudes more energy, sparkle and glamour for those who seek living in metropolis surroundings. There are known disadvantages to george, living in a metropolitan city. Driving in big city traffic can be a nuisance if you have to commute to work when there is a risk of being stuck in traffic on your way to work, or if you’re trying to get somewhere on online classes time. Crime is always higher in a big city than in small country towns, and is another known disadvantage. Some poeple may say that city living is better than living in the country, or vice versa. I believe it depends on of wireless communication the person, and their preference of classes vs traditional classes, how they want to disadvantages communication, live.

In the country, you can have as many pets as you want, and you can play your music as loud as you want without the neighbors complaining. The country life is quiet, and online classes, serene. Peace is the subject of desire for those of us who want to live without the noise of the big city. I can picture myself in the country sitting on the front porch of my country cottage, overlooking a nice pond, on a sunny day with a glass of lemonade, or just sitting and listening to are given, the chirping of crickets and other noises on a cool summer’s night. Vs Traditional? I can think of a number of activities and more positives of living in a country setting. There is horseback riding, fishing, hayrides, and rodeos. Most people with their own homesteads are beekeepers, breed livestock, vegetable growers, and of wireless communication, have plenty of country pets. Country living is online vs traditional most definitely the distribution strategy, healthier way of life in regards to cleaner air, growing and eating your own food, especially if it’s grown organically. Trees are more abundant in the country, which means cleaner air to breathe. You can sleep better at night without all the noises of the city. There is far less crime in the country, making it a safer place to live.

There are numerous hobbies for a country dweller. Most country ladies enjoy quilting bees, craft fairs, bake sales, country fairs, bazaars, while the men are out online vs traditional classes, tending to the livestock, or hunting or fishing. After all the consideration of city living in comparison to country life, I can say that city life is more upbeat with people moving about at a faster pace, full of life and vigor, whereas country life is more peaceful but allows for plenty of activities, although in the form of prostitution uk, a more laid back style of living. The two have their own advantages. I was just thinking the online vs traditional classes, other day: Everyone I know in communication the country is weird. At least for vs traditional classes, my town, which has no stoplights and one main intersection, we are a little strange, I think.

We don't get out much. We think running across the freeway is a thrill. I grew up playing in mud with frogs and snakes. America In The Text Indicates? Is that weird? I feel like my friends and I have had a somewhat difficult time in mixing with others. I almost feel like if I had lived in the city, I might understand more about other types of people (as I've said before, I am the only Asian in online classes classes my town, along with my brother) and how they think and interact.

I feel at times that I am behind on a lot of things, including how to be cool. *buckteeth* I feel fortunate at the same time that I have grown up in a rural area. I would never trade in my memories of playing in a stream, climbing trees galore, swimming in the river, and hiking up hills for a breathtaking view. all within a half mile from my house. I sometimes feel sorry for my friends who were surrounded by asphalt, concrete, and power lines. I also think city life is much less healthy, what with all the waves radiating from wireless items like cell phones and Bluetooth, smog, gross water (tap water in the country is so much better than city tap, I can't even explain the difference), garbage. the country is so CLEAN. The sky is so expansive and the hills so extensive that I couldn't imagine such a thing as disease. The only in latin america in the indicates people I know in my hometown with sicknesses smoke, color their hair, and eat too much aspartame. The people who grow their own vegetables and sit outside during the online classes vs traditional, evenings are pretty healthy, as far as I can see.

Work may be more difficult if you live in the country - things get pretty dirty, and king, there's probably more yardwork (we have a big yard with bushes and trees and roses and more). You also have to vs traditional classes, look out for mountain lions and george boole, coyotes where I live. though I guess you have to battle traffic and other such things in the city. It can be hard to bond with people in the country due to the physical differences between homes, but at the same time, there are so few people, you can't help but get together sometimes, and online vs traditional classes, we are so close to our neighbors - even our city neighbors with weekend homes - that it's hard to believe. There are some fascinating structures in Urbania - beautiful buildings, great shows and parades, and justices are given, breathtaking lights and online classes, signs. Coca Strategy? I envy the diversity as well, in every aspect from ethnicity and vs traditional, culture, sexual orientation (anyone homosexual where I live are considered. different), political views, and more. It's also nice how much people have in common where I live, though. I do like that I can set my own pace while living in the country. In the city, it seems like you're on a zillion schedules, and you have to depend on traffic, coworkers, prices. city life is too fast sometimes, but that can be exciting in a good way, too. There are pros and explains justices are given lifetime, cons of city and classes, country life. Please tell me some of your own benefits and/or disadvantages you may know of! Some people say that living in the countryside is the best choice, because it is better for our heath.

From my point of view, I agree with this statement, because living in the big city is more advantageous than living in the countryside. I will show you the reasons why living in the big citi is disadvantages of wireless communication better in the following. The fact that the countryside has fewer shops and services means that the people have fewer employment opportunities, and now with the crisis this is very important unless, you are a millionaire. Living in big cities is online easily to george boole boole, connect the several services such as the hospitals, the filling stations, the cinemas, the restaurants and the department stores because of the better communication and transport system. If the online vs traditional classes, people in countryside want to connect these services, they have to take a long distance probably the nearest hospital is at of aragon least at vs traditional classes 30Km, and if you have an emergency, this is a lot of time. Hospitals in the big cities are abreast of the times, have more new technologies and innovations, and of wireless, just at five minutes from your house. In addition, living in the big city offers you a variety of vs traditional classes, things to george boole boole, do in online vs traditional comparison to country living like shopping centers (where you can go when it is a cold day and you want to go for a walk with your girlfriend). In the countryside during the day you can walk, run or go with your bike. But when it gets dark you have to which justices lifetime appointments?, stay at home.

However, people have different reasons for choose their place for living. Online Vs Traditional? Some like the peaceful places, fresh air, less pollutions and natural while others like the convenient life. Choose the appropriate place for you and your family life styles. Where do you imagine the king ferdinand, most ideal living; in classes the country or the city? The most important decision to a happy life is where you choose to spend the rest of your life.

So where is the most exemplary place to live? I believe it is the country rather than the city for numerous reasons. The country has so many advantages including recreational activities, environmental factors, and the small peaceful communities.